Cassius Blue

Photos by Ron Hambruger

Mangrove Buckeye

Giant Swallowtail

Gulf Fritillary

Butterflies of the Florida Keys

Compiled by Leigh Williams, Big Pine Key, Florida

Click to download a checklist of the Butterflies of the Florida Keys

Giant Swallowtail Papilio cresphontes Common
Palamedes Swallowtail Papilio palamedes Occasional or Stray
Black Swallowtail Papilio polyxenes (incl. kahli) Occasional or Stray
Schaus’ Swallowtail Papilio aristodemus ponceanus Endangered
Polydamas Swallowtail Battus polydamas Uncommon
Bahama Swallowtail Heraclides andraemon bonbotei Uncommon to Rare
(Bahamian Swallowtail)
Zebra Swallowtail Eurytides marcellus floridensis Rare, Occasional or Stray to upper Keys
Whites & Sulphurs
Great Southern White Ascia monuste Common to Uncommon, Sporadic
Florida White Appias drusilla Common to Uncommon, Sporadic
Checkered White Pontia protodice Rare, Occasional or Stray to upper Keys
Cloudless Sulphur Phoebis sennae Common (Sporadic)
Orange-barred Sulphur Phoebis philea Common in lower Keys
Large Orange Sulphur Phoebis agarithe Common
Statira Sulphur Phoebis statira Rare, Occasional or Stray
Dainty Sulphur Nathalis iole Common (Sporadic)
Lyside Sulphur Kricogonia lyside Uncommon and Sporadic
Barred Yellow Eurema daira Common to Uncommon
Little Yellow Eurema lisa Common
Sleepy Orange Eurema nicippe Uncommon and Sporadic
Bartram’s Scrub-Hairstreak Strymon acis bartrami Endangered
Gray Hairstreak Strymon melinus Common
Martial Scrub-Hairstreak Strymon martialis Common to Uncommon and Sporadic
Mallow Scrub-Hairstreak Strymon istapa (Strymon columella)  Common to Uncommon
(Modest Hairstreak)
Fulvous Hairstreak Electrostrymon angelia Common to Uncommon
Red-banded Hairstreak Calycopis cecrops Uncommon
Silver-banded Hairstreak Chlorostrymon simaethis Uncommon to Rare (declining)
(St. Christopher’s Hairstreak)
Amethyst Hairstreak Chlorostrymon maesites Uncommon to Rare (sporadic)
(Maesites Hairstreak)
Gray Ministreak Ministrymon azia Uncommon to Rare
(search near host: exotic lead tree)
Brushfoots and Leafwings
Gulf Fritillary Agraulis vanillae Common
Variegated Fritillary Euptoleta claudia Uncommon, Stray
Julia Longwing Dryas iulia Common to Uncommon
Zebra Longwing Heliconius charithonia Common (Florida’s State Butterfly)
Phaon Crescent Phyciodes phaon Uncommon
Pearl Crescent Phyciodes tharos Common to Uncommon
Cuban Crescent Anthanassa frisia Rare
Red Admiral Vanessa atalanta Uncommon and Sporadic
Common Buckeye Junonia coenia Common
Mangrove Buckeye Junonia evarete Common
Tropical Buckeye Junonia genoveva Uncommon to Rare
White Peacock Anartia jatrophae Common but Sporadic
Malachite Siproeta stelenes Uncommon and Sporadic
Ruddy Daggerwing Marpesia petreus Common to Uncommon
Florida Purplewing Eunica tatila tatilista Common in Up. Keys, Missing from Low. Keys
Dingy Purplewing Eunica monima Rare, Declining, possibly Extirpated from Keys
Florida Leafwing Anaea troglodyte floridalis Endangered, possibly Extirpated from Keys
Milkweed Butterflies
Monarch Danaus plexippus Common (Sporadic)
Queen Danaus gilippus Common (Sporadic)
Soldier Danaus eresimus Uncommon, Occasional or Stray
Cassius Blue Leptotes cassius Common (Abundant)
Ceraunus Blue Hemiargus ceraunus Common (Abundant)
Eastern Pygmy Blue Brephidium pseudofea Common near host glassworts/saltworts
Miami Blue Cyclargus thomasi bethunebakeri Endangered
Acacia Blue (Nickerbean Blue) Cyclargus ammon Rare, may be Extinct
Spreadwing Skippers
Mangrove Skipper Phocides pigmalion Common
Hammock Skipper Polygonus leo Common
Long-tailed Skipper Urbanus proteus Common but Sporadic
Dorantes Longtail Urbanus dorantes Common but Sporadic
Florida Duskywing Ephyriades brunnea floridensis Common (Locally Abundant Big Pine Key)
Zarucco Duskywing Erynnis zarucco Rare (Declining)
White Checkered-Skipper Pyrgus albescens Common
Tropical Checkered-Skipper Pyrgus oileus Common
Fiery Skipper Hylephila phyleus Common but Sporadic
Southern Broken-Dash Wallengrenia otho Common but Sporadic
Sachem Atalopedes campestris Common but Sporadic
Three-spotted Skipper Cymaenes tripuncta Uncommon
Twin-spot Skipper Oligoria maculata Uncommon (Lower Keys pinelands)
Zestos Skipper Epargyreus zestos zestos Rare, possibly Extirpated from the Keys
Palatka Skipper (Keys race) Euphyes pilatka klotsi Uncommon
Monk Skipper Asbolis capucinus Common
Neamathla Skipper Nastra neamathla Occasional or Stray
Clouded Skipper Lerema accius Uncommon to Rare
Southern Skipperling Copaeodes minimus Uncommon, Occasional or Stray
Baracoa Skipper Polites baracoa Uncommon to Rare
Whirlabout Polites vibex Occasional or Stray
Eufala Skipper Lerodea eufala Uncommon (Declining in the Keys)
Brazilian Skipper Calpodes ethlius Rare, Occasional or Stray
(Canna Skipper)
Obscure Skipper Panoquina panoquinoides Uncommon
Ocola Skipper Panoquina ocola Rare, Occasional or Stray
Salt Marsh Skipper Panoquina panoquin Rare, Occasional or Stray
Little Metalmark Calephelis virginiensis Rare, may be Extirpated from the Keys